Disability studies, temple u.: may 2016

Many people graciously contributed books that have illuminated the disability experience for them, books that have informed them of the injustices that have occurred — and continue to occur — toward people with disabilities, or books that have reflected their own experiences.

This list, however, is not — and may never be — fully complete. This list includes months of good reads These books are divided into the following sections: The first section presents books written by people with disabilities or by family members. Most are memoir-style accounts.

They convey the experience of disability through first person accounts. Some are collections of essays and other writings by people with disabilities. Following this list are some additional recommendations which include fiction, non-fiction, books for children, and films. Unless otherwise noted, the list of films and their synopses are from the Disabilities Studies list Taylor, Shoultz, and Walker,as well. Barron, J. Sean then retells some of these accounts with his own memories of these events; in particular, he emphasizes how these behaviors were not only pleasurable for him, but were an attempt to control his environment and lessen the possibilities of failure.

Except for nine months he spent in a residential school, Sean was fully included in general education throughout his schooling and Sean provides a detailed perspective of his classroom experiences.

While the account provides the perspectives of both the parent and the person with autism, unfortunately, the narrative ultimately reinforces the idea that autism is something to be cured or overcome Source: Center on Human Policy, Syracuse University. On December 8Elle magazine editor-in-chief Bauby suffered a stroke and lapsed into a coma. He awoke 20 days later, mentally aware of his surroundings but physically paralyzed with the exception of some movement in his head and left eye.

Bauby had Locked-in-Syndrome, a rare condition caused by stroke damage to the brain stem. Eye movements and blinking a code representing letters of the alphabet became his sole means of communication.

It is also how he dictated this warm, sad, and extraordinary memoir. Bauby's thoughts on the illness, the hospital, family, friends, career, and life before and after the stroke appear with considerable humor and humanity.

Actor Rene Auberjonois's narration adds to the poignancy of the story. Sadly, Bauby died of his condition in Source: Stephen L. Hupp, Univ. Beck, M. Expecting Adam: A true story of birth, rebirth, and everyday magic Reissue ed. New York: Berkley. Expecting Adam is an autobiographical tale of an academically-oriented Harvard couple who conceive a baby with Down's syndrome and decide to carry him to term.

Despite everything Martha Beck and her husband John know about themselves and their belief system, when Martha gets accidentally pregnant and the fetus is discovered to have Down's syndrome, the Becks find they cannot even consider abortion. The presence of the fetus that they each privately believe is a familiar being named Adam is too strong. As Martha's difficult pregnancy progresses, odd coincidences and paranormal experiences begin to occur for both Martha and John, though for months they don't share them with each other.

Life as we know it: A father, family, and an exceptional child. New York: Vintage Books. This remarkable book is a father's story of the life of his 4-year-old son James, who has Down syndrome. It is far more than just a personal memoir of his son's birth and young life. Implicit in these discussions are not just his own family's experiences in these realms, but also concepts such as social justice, what it means to be human, what kind of society is valued, and by what means we determine this value Source: Center on Human Policy, Syracuse University.

Blackman, L.A negative attitude toward disability is one of the potential barriers for people with disability PWD to achieve social equality. Although numerous studies have investigated attitudes toward disability, few have evaluated personal attitudes toward disability among PWD, and made comparisons with attitudes of healthy respondents.

This study was to investigate and compare the attitudes of PWD, caregivers, and the public toward disability and PWD in China, to identify discrepancies in attitude among the three groupsand to examine potential influencing factors of attitude within each group. A cross-sectional study was conducted among PWD, caregivers, and members of the public in Guangzhou, China. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were used to investigate the relationship between each background factor and attitude within each group.

After controlling the socio-demographic characteristics, caregivers had the lowest total scores of ADS caregivers: Caregivers who had taken care of PWD for longer durations of time had a more negative attitude toward disability. In contrast, PWD who had been disabled for longer times had a more positive attitude toward disability. More research is needed, and the development of a new health-care model for PWD is warranted.

Disability has become a natural part of the human condition due to population ageing, the increase of chronic diseases, and medical advances that preserve and prolong life.

According to the report from the World Health Organization WHOthere are over one billion people estimated to be living with disability in the world [ 2 ]. Social inclusion and community participation of people with a disability PWD are a central concept guiding current policies for disabled persons around the world [ 2 ].

As nations are realizing, negative attitudes toward disability affect the integration of disabled persons into the community [ 34 ], and thus may incur the loss of a potential resource. Negative perceptions can lead to lack of opportunities and work, low self-esteem, and isolation, and consequently to stigmatization, marginalization, and recurring negative health outcomes that prolong the discomfort of PWDs and also create a substantial social burden [ 5 — 7 ].

While much research on attitudes toward disability has been conducted in developed countries [ 8 ], scant research has been undertaken in developing countries. By the end ofthe number of PWD in China amounted to more than 85 million [ 9 ], yet little is known about attitudes toward disability even though a substantial national burden of disability exists.

One recurrent focus of research on attitudes toward disability has been the attitude of the general public [ 1112 ], and as a result it is well documented that negative public attitudes foster low expectations, discriminatory behaviors, and marginalization of PWD, whereas positive attitudes lead to acceptance of PWD and promote integration into society [ 213 ].

With more urban and younger populations, attitudes may be changing but because reliable data are unavailable, the extent and influence of this perception is not well established.

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Caregivers are a second focus of most research on attitudes to disability. In prevailing national conditions with a substantial lack of support in the community, PWDs have an increased dependence on their caregivers. Although caregivers do not experience disability themselves, they have to cope with multiple and conflicting related responsibilities: with the disability-related physical and emotional problems and practical medical care of PWD, with their own individual problems, and with family roles and relations.

Lower prospects for the disabled may lead to maladaptive coping and inconsistent rehabilitation or treatment [ 20 ] and greater strain on both PWD and caregivers. But little has been established about whether or how a courtesy stigma may be bearing influence upon this group, and reliable data on caregiver attitudes toward disability and PWD in China were not available. Consequently, the gap in research devoted to understanding the attitude to disability and PWD particularly among family-member caregivers in China helped initiate this investigation.

A third group focus consists of people with disabilities themselves. As stated, a purpose of this investigation was to identify any existing discrepancies in attitudes toward disability among the public, PWD, and caregivers. Differences in the type of disability-related activities PWD and caregivers perform, the perceived difficulty of caregiving for daily living tasks, emotional and nonmedical needs, and so forth, suggest that attitudes toward disability and PWD also vary among PWD and caregivers [ 2526 ].

The important disparities in the attitudes of these two groups must be addressed to develop tailored educational interventions for PWD and caregivers that foster hope, positive attitudes, and healthy individual and cooperative behaviors for coping with disability and contributing toward improved PWD social inclusion and better quality of life for PWD and their caregivers.

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of all three groups— PWD, caregivers, and the public— toward disability in China and to compare these attitudes among the three groups. The potential influencing factors of the attitudes about disability were also examined within each group.

The hypothesis of this study is that the attitudes toward disability and PWD differ among the three groups, and that among them PWD may not hold the most negative attitude toward disability. Some contents of our study methods have been previously described [ 19 ]. Briefly, from March to Augusta cross-sectional survey was conducted in Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province in southern China.

PWD in this survey were recruited with a three-stage sampling.Whether you live on campus or commute each day, Temple offers thousands of courses to fit your schedule—from early mornings to evenings to weekends. To help you plan in advance and organize your year, we have assembled all of our calendars and schedules into simple, easy-to-access pages.

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disability studies, temple u.: may 2016

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disability studies, temple u.: may 2016

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disability studies, temple u.: may 2016

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Skip to main content. Calendars and Schedules To help you plan in advance and organize your year, we have assembled all of our calendars and schedules into simple, easy-to-access pages. Courses Course Catalog View all undergraduate, graduate, and professional courses offered at Temple during the semester.Despite evidence that inactivity is a major factor causing ill health in people with intellectual disabilities pwID there are gaps in our knowledge of their physical activity PA.

To date, there is no published systematic review of their PA levels. Therefore, we performed a systematic review from January—Octobercomprising studies from across the globe to establish PA levels, determine how they were measured, and what factors influenced PA in adults with intellectual disabilities awID.

Five databases were searched. Studies were included if written in English, peer-reviewed, had primary research data, and measured PA levels of awID.

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Quality was assessed using a item checklist. Meta-summary of the findings was performed and a meta-analysis of factors influencing PA using multiple regression. PA levels were measured using objective and subjective methods. ID severity, living in care, gender, and age were independently significantly correlated with the number of participants achieving PA guidelines with the strongest predictor being ID severity Beta 0. To inform measurement and intervention design for improved PA, we recommend that there is an urgent need for future PA studies in awID population to include all disability severity levels.

Recommended Books About the Disability Experience

Intellectual disabilities ID 1 also referred to as learning disability in the UK and intellectual developmental disorder in the U. In addition, the extent to which an individual is unable to face the demands established by society for the individual's age group can be further classified as: mild, moderate, severe, and profound Katz and Lazcano-ponce,Salvador-Carulla et al.

Estimates of prevalence of ID vary for several reasons, including methodological differences between studies Harris,Doran et al. Maulik et al. Importantly, these figures are set to rise due to increase in life expectancy in this group of people Harris,Holland,Emerson et al. This has implications as people with intellectual disabilities pwID 2 have poorer health than their non-disabled peers, with differences in health status that are avoidable Emerson et al. These differences start early in life, with higher prevalence of diseases such as obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia common among pwID as early as adolescence Lin et al.

While there may be several reasons for these health differences Krahn et al. The medical and nonmedical lifetime costs associated with the diagnoses of ID are much higher than for non-ID individuals with many associated with an inactive lifestyle. These costs are substantially higher than those associated with the diagnosis of other disabilities e. A physically inactive lifestyle increases the risk of non-communicable diseases.

However, increasing PA has been shown to improve health outcomes Richards et al. In spite of clear guidance about the need for an active lifestyle, several studies in the literature reported absence of regular PA in adults with intellectual disabilities awID 4 Robertson et al.

Compared with the general population, there are gaps in our knowledge of their PA. For example, individual factors such as sex, race, and social status that have been shown in the general population to influence PA levels are yet to be established within ID populations. To implement effective non-communicable disease prevention programmes, policy makers need data for PA levels Hallal et al.

However, to date, there is no published systematic review of PA levels in awID. A review by Temple et al. Out of the 14 papers included in their review, eight used questionnaires that were neither valid nor reliable and overall, their review data were informed by studies set within a limited context, with high levels of bias and samples that were not reflective of ID populations. This gap in the literature highlights the need for a systematic review to determine PA levels within ID populations, and factors relating to this behaviour in order to improve risk factor identification and better target PA promotion in this group.

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It is hoped that the findings of the review will promote our understanding of the factors influencing PA levels and in turn inform interventions to minimise inactivity. Therefore, the aims of this review will be to examine the published literature to establish PA levels, determine how PA levels were measured and examine the reported factors that influenced PA levels in awID.

Searches of electronic literature databases were conducted in January from the earliest available date. In order to ensure that no relevant studies were missed, additional studies were identified by hand searching reference list of reviews and research papers relating to PA in pwID.

The searches were re-run in July just before the final analyses, but no further study was retrieved. In each database, terms for intellectual disability and associated synonyms were identified.Philosophers have always lived among people who could not see, walk, or hear; who had limited mobility, comprehension or longevity, or chronic illnesses of various sorts. And yet philosophical interest in these conditions was piecemeal and occasional until the past hundred or so years.

But the treatment of disability as a subject of philosophical interest is relatively new. The resurgent political philosophy of the second half of the last century, preoccupied with eliminating or reducing unearned disadvantages, tended to treat disability as a primary source of those disadvantages, to be addressed with medical correction or government compensation.

Somewhat later, social philosophers began to see disability as a source both of discrimination and oppression, and of group identity, akin to race or sex in these respects.

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In some ways, disability looks much like sex or race as a philosophical topic. It concerns the classification of people on the basis of observed or inferred characteristics. It raises difficult threshold questions about the extent to which the classification is based on biology or is socially constructed.

And yet the strong philosophical interest in some of the characteristics on which the disability classification is based appears to accord them a significance that many would deny to the distinguishing characteristics of sex or race. Consider, for example, the question of how well-being is affected by the characteristics on which the disability classification is based.

There is little interest now in the question of whether, in a world without discrimination, blacks or women would do better or worse on various metrics of well-being than whites or men.

In contrast, there is considerable interest in this question when the subject is people with disabilities. In contrast, other philosophers claim that disability is fundamentally different from race and gender in that it necessarily reduces well-being: even in a utopian world of non-discrimination, people with blindness, deafness or paraplegia would be worse off than their able-bodied counterparts.

This is but one example of the many ways that disability generates philosophical debate about some of our most familiar ethical, political, and epistemological concepts. This introductory entry will outline the prevailing definitions and models of disability, and discuss the epistemic and moral authority of the experiences and self-reports of people classified as disabled.

The definition of disability is highly contentious for several reasons. Indeed, as late asthe Oxford English Dictionary recognized only these two senses of the term Boorse, Second, many different characteristics are considered disabilities.

Indeed, some have questioned, in part because of this variation, whether the concept of disability can do much philosophical work Beaudry, Two common features stand out in most official definitions of disability, such as those in the World Health Organization ;the U.

The classification of a physical or mental variation as an impairment may be statistical, based on the average in some reference groups; biological, based on a theory of human functioning; or normative, based on a view of human flourishing.Cool stuff in the world of Disability Studies, Geography, and History. Based at Temple University in Philadelphia, with contributors from coast to coast.

Check out our 'Notable Blogs' list below - your portal to the disability blog world.

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Post a Comment. Subscribe in a reader. Disability Studies, Temple U. Contributions are sought for a special issue of Disability Studies Quarterly that will showcase new interdisciplinary perspectives on disability, work and its representation in both contemporary and historical perspective.

The issue will take a long and interdisciplinary view of the relationship between disability and work and encourages contributions that explore different national experiences and impairment perspectives. Contributions are also sought that will explore ways in which disability has been represented in relation to work culturally and artistically, or the impact of literary, artistic or media representations on policy.

Contributors are invited to think about work broadly, to include paid and unpaid employment, emotional and intellectual as well as physical labor.

The final deadline for submission for articles selected for inclusion in the Special Issue max.

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Final acceptance of manuscripts is subject to peer review. Posted by Penny L. Richards at PM. Labels: CFPwork. No comments:. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom. Redondo Beach, California disstud temple.

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